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Hypholoma fasciculare

   (Family: Strophariaceae)
   
Common name: sulphur tuft, sulfur tuft or clustered woodlover EDIT
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Edibility: EDIT Poisonous
Size: 7 - 70 mm
Colour:
Rusty brown or tawny (fulvous)
Spore bearing structure:   Gills
Medicinal:  
Smell / taste: Mushroomy
Fruiting season: autumn
General info: EDIT
It is smooth and sulphur yellow with an orange-brown centre and whitish margin. Gills Sulphur yellow becoming charcoal sulphur with age.
The taste is very bitter, though not bitter when cooked, but still poisonous, causes severe gastrointestinal problems.
 
Pileus (Cap) / Gill: EDIT
Pileus (Cap) shape: convex
Pileus (Cap) decorations: glabrous
Gill attachment: free
Gill has decurrent tooth:  
Gill spacing: crowded
 
  Pileus (Cap) / Gill info: EDIT
  The hemispherical cap can reach 60 mm diameter. It is smooth and sulphur yellow with an orange-brown centre and whitish margin. Gills Sulphur yellow becoming charcoal sulphur with age.
The crowded gills are initially yellow but darken to a distinctive green colour as the blackish spores develop on the yellow flesh. It has a purple brown spore print.
 
 
Stem: EDIT
Stem shape: equal
Stem base: unswollen
Annulus: cortina
 
  Stem info: EDIT
  The stem is up to 100 mm tall and 10 mm wide, light yellow, orange-brown below, often with an indistinct ring zone coloured dark by the spores. Hollow
 
 
Habitat: Grows on plant material/manure
Habitat info: EDIT
Hypholoma fasciculare grows prolifically on the dead wood of deciduous trees and is widespread.
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References

 
  • Margo Branch, (2001), First field guide to mushrooms of Southern Africa, Struik  
  • H Levin, M Branch, S Rappoport,D Mitchell (1985), Mushrooms of South Africa, Struik  
 
 

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