Tree with spreading crown, growing up to 14m high.
Bears spikes of creamy white, sweetly scented flowers.
Acacia caffra is frost and drought resistant and has a growth rate of about 700mm - 900mm per year.
Responds well to pruning.
Avoid planting near paving or buildings as it reportedly has an aggressive root system.
It grows easily from seed. The seeds need hot water treatment before they will germinate. Simply pour hot water over them and allow to cool. You will see if this has worked as the seeds will begin to swell as they absorb water. Do not leave them in the water for longer than 24 hours or they will start to deteriorate. It is best to sow directly into black bags as the taproot is long and is sensitive to transplanting.
Acacia caffra occurs naturally in a wide variety of habitats from coastal scrub to bushveld and highveld grasslands. The distribution appears to be slightly patchy with the species occurring in the four northern provinces; the coastal areas of Kwazulu Natal and the Eastern Cape and in some areas of the Western Cape.
The name Acacia is derived from "akis " meaning a point or barb and caffra was a epiphet frequently bestowed on plants from the eastern parts of South Africa in previous centuries. The word caffra in Hebrew means "person living on the land".
The wood is dense and hard and beautifully grained.
The foliage enjoyed by game and stock.
The common hook-thorn is used traditionally for many purposes such as fencing posts, tanning and the beautiful rootwood is highly valued by Xhosa women for tobacco pipes.
It is also used medicinally and is considered a lucky tree in traditional African beliefs.
The Acacia caffra is able to withstand fire, which is important in areas such as grasslands and savannas where fire forms an integral part of the ecology.
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