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Mimetes cucullatus

   (Family: Proteaceae)
   
Afrikaans: Rooistompie, stompie English: Common mimetes, common pagoda, red mimetes, red pagoda  EDIT
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Plant Type: EDIT  Shrub
Height: 0.5 - 2m
Rarity Status:
Common
   
Preferred rainfall: Winter
Preferred altitude: 0 - 1200m
Preferred position:
Full Sun
Tolerated soil:  
  Sand (coarse texture, drains easily)
pH: acid
 
Flowering time EDIT
x x x         x x x x x
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Flower colours
 
Red
 
White
 
  Polinator
  Sunbirds and sugarbirds
  Flower info
  All members of the protea family have small flowers grouped in conspicuous flowerheads. The individual flowers are tubular and have a perianth made up of four perianth segments, sometimes three are fused and one is free. When in bud, the segments touch each other but don't overlap, and as the flower opens they separate and curl back to expose the style. The tip of each perianth segment is slightly widened and has a depression in which a single anther rests. The pollen that it sheds sticks to the top portion of the style, called the pollen presenter. The stigma is a small groove at the tip of the style, and self-pollination is prevented because the stigma is not receptive when its own pollen is being produced.
 
 
Leaf shape EDIT
Bark / Stem type
 
 
Leaf size 25 - 55mm
  Leaf info EDIT
  Evergreen
  The leaves are oblong-elliptic, 25-55 mm long and are neatly and symmetrically arranged along the branches. New growth is bright red.
 
 
Fruit type EDIT
 
  Seed info EDIT
  At the base of the flower, inside the perianth tube, are four scale-like nectaries and a minute superior ovary, which produces a dry nut-like fruit.
 
 
Description EDIT
An upright, evergreen shrub that can grow up to 2m tall and wide.
It produces multiple stems of bushy growth. New growth is blushed in tones that range from bright red to rich rosé.
Growing EDIT
Mimetes cucullatus likes full sun locations, light, free-draining but moisture-rentative soil, regular water.
It loves coastal conditions and benefits from pruning, which will keep you in red new growth year-round as well as give you some pretty cool floral cuttings.
Distribution EDIT
Found on sandy soils, on sandstone slopes and flats, most frequently on the cool, moist, south-facing slopes and damp flats. It occurs from the Koue Bokkeveld Mountains to Kogelberg to Elim Flats, Caledon Swartberg, Cape Peninsula ; Potberg; Riviersonderend Mountains , eastern Langeberg to Outeniqua and Kouga Mountains; Klein Swartberg and Rooiberg. It grows from sea level to 1 200 m.
History EDIT
The name Mimetes is derived from the Greek mimetes meaning imitator or mimic. Why this name was chosen is not clear; although the species do resemble each other to some extent and the foliage is quite similar to that of the genus Leucospermum ; in every other respect the genus Mimetes is outstandingly unique. Cucullatus means hood-like and refers to the way the floral leaves partly enclose the flowers, forming a hood-like structure over them.

The common name stompie, which means little stumps, is possibly derived from the fact that all that is left after a fire are little stumps. Rooi means red, referring to the colour of the new growth and the floral leaves. The name could also refer to the way the branches appear to have been squarely lopped off to form what appear to be red-tipped stumps.
Uses EDIT
In the past, the bark was used for tanning.
Mimetes cucullatus has great potential as a cutflower; the flowering stems are relatively long, they last well, can be packed without being damaged and the plants resprout strongly after being pruned.
Ecology EDIT
Mimetes cucullatus is the only mimetes that is a resprouter i.e. it survives fires by resprouting from a large, woody, underground rootstock. All the others are re-seeders, i.e. they are killed by fire but seedlings germinate when conditions are suitable after the fire; some also have thick, corky bark and although damaged, do sometimes survive fires.
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